South India is famous for its beautiful silk and its unique techniques of making magnificent sarees. The illkal saris of Karnataka, the indigo is used for dyeing purposes. Gadwal and Wanaparti in Andhra Pradesh produce saris of thick cotton with a contrasting silk border and pallu worked in gold.
In Tamil Nadu, the cotton sari patterns closely resemble the silk ones. The important centres are Kanjeevaram, Salem, Pudukottai and Madurai. Coimbatore has its own style of cotton saris which are less expensive and which resemble the Chanderi patterns. Nowadays, cotton saris woven with the traditional silk patterns, called kalakshezra, are widely popular. Kerala has started weaving cotton saris lately. Its specialty isthe karalkudi saris of unbleached cotton with rich broad gold borders and pallus.